Clothes For Winter Riding

Clothes for winter riding

Clothes for winter riding may not be so obvious fro people that have not been on mountain treks or bush walking in general, this may not be as common, however there are issues with biking that are specific to the speed of biking downhills, the wind chill factor is taken into account by all that wonder out to the high ground for a day or two.

Clothes for winter riding can be unpreditable

Mountain biking in cold weather has always been an unpredictable
challenge. The problem is that you’ll start out outdoors  cold then warm up and break a sweat, making yourself wet, prone to the chill. Then once reached the top you return downhill, the combination
of wet skin and windchill will be dramatic in most autumn to winter conditions. It is surprising how cold it can get suddenly, when the body heat is lost rapidly.

Below, you’ll find a list of the cold weather clothing
that will make winter riding less of a bone chilling

In cold temperatures, your feet are the most vulnerable
part of your anatomy. Pressure from pedaling will
tend to cut off the circulation to your toes, which
can put you at a risk of frostbite. In cold conditions,
neoprene booties are a must have. They will zip over
your shoes and even have a pattern in the sole where
you can cut out a piece for cleats.

There are several manufacturers that make “lobster
gloves”, a hybrid glove that separates your index
finger and thumb from the rest of your hand. These
gloves are warmer than regular gloves, and the distinct
index finger will allow you to operate your shifting
and brake levers.

In case your hands get cold, you should carry a pair
of lightweight glove liners will you as well. If you
have to stop to take care of a problem, the liners will
protect your hands from the cold.

Glasses that wraparound and provide maximum protection
from the wind are best to wear in the winter. You can
protect yourself from debris, as well as the cold.

You should wear heavy socks although not to heavy. A
sock that is overly heavy will make your shoes tight,
cut off circulation, even make your feet cold. You
should try lightweight socks, as they will keep your
feet warm without bulk. If you need an extra layer,
try silk ski socks as they are very warm and also
extra lightweight.

Polypropylene is the best material here, as it is
lightweight and best for colder temperatures.

Wind protection

Moving air is the biggest cause for losing body
heat. By having good wind protection you’ll be able
to vent perspiration while also protecting yourself
from windchill. You should choose pants and a jacket
based on durability, breathing, and price as these
types of clothing can get very experience.

Helmet and liners
Your head is very important, as you lose 50% of your
body heat through your head. A helmet is designed to
keep you cool in the summer, not warm in the winter. A
fleece liner inside your helmet will keep your head
and ears warm during winter riding.

Introduction To Mountain Biking

Introduction to mountain biking

Introduction to mountain biking is the right place to start thinking creatively of the many opportunities that you may have to enjoy the sport of mountain biking.  The immediate benefits of mountain biking are physical exercise, work out for the respiratory system lungs,  and the cardio system heart, and all of the other limbs, e.g. arms and legs,  shoulders, hand grips and all the back and neck muscles. There are so may benefits from working out with clean air outdoors in the mountains.

Introduction to mountain biking

Mountain biking is a great way to explore the outdoors,
stay in shape, or just have fun. Racing down the side
of a mountain is a lot of fun indeed, although it can
also be quite dangerous. Even though it’s dangerous,
if you ride with caution, it can be enjoyed by the
entire family.

Styles of mountain biking
Mountain biking can best be characterized into three
different styles – downhill, free riding, and cross
country. Even though the different styles are similar
in some ways, they still require different skills. The
style that you pick will determine the type of bike you

Locations for mountain biking
The sport can best be thought of as biking on an unpaved
surface. Many areas throughout North America have
specific locations designed for mountain biking. Before
you decide to go down a trail, you should always check
with your local park to get the routes, regulations, and
any rules that they may have.

You can also find groups that have mountain bike rides
and competitions. You can look on the internet or even
in a local paper and see exactly what’s available in your
area. You may be able to find groups for the more
advanced riders as well as beginners.

Becoming a great biker
Endurance and stamina are a must for a great mountain
biker. It will also take ambition and practice to succeed
as well as conquer the course. Like all other sports,
it takes time and practice. Those just beginning will
have to get past the bumps and bruises from falling
off the bike.

Selecting your mountain bike
The bike you select is more of a personal choice, and
a big determining factor on the type of riding you will
be doing. Bikes come in all styles, shapes, and prices,
which will make selecting one for yourself very difficult

You should use the internet to help you shop for a bike,
even do some price comparisons online as well before you
make a purchase. Before you buy a bike, always ask to
try it out first. A great mountain biker will become
one with his or her own bike. When buying, make sure
you check for comfort, how it fits, even how it is geared.

Staying safe when riding
Mountain bike riding on unpaved roads can be very
dangerous, as mentioned earlier. Anytime you are riding,
you should wear a helmet, along with knee and elbow
pads. If you are following a group or riding in the
woods you should strongly consider a pair of goggles as
well. Safety should be your top priority and never
taken lightly anytime you are mountain biking.

Thank you for visiting website and reading up on this Introduction to mountain biking article post.  I hope this was informative and helpful.  Please do share this website link with your friends, thanks.

The history of mountain biking

The history of mountain biking

The history of mountain biking is associated with travel, recreational sports, and the pioneering spirit of humans to explore the wilderness areas of the mountains what ever means they had available. Like all children of the world who had a pushbike to peddle, they too used them on their week end expeditions into the back country of their town or city. The running cost of a bike was very much affordable for most people.

There is a lot of history and information out there
in regards to the history and origins of mountain
biking, with some being recognized and some that
depends on who has the best firm of public relations.

Some say that mountain biking began with the Buffalo
Soldiers, which was a turn of the century infantry
who customized bikes to carry gear over the rough and
tough terrain. They began in August of 1896, over
the course of 800 miles. Their mission was simple –
to test bikes for military use in the toughest of

Others say it was the Velo Cross Club of France
that started mountain biking. The club was comprised
of 20 young bikers from Paris, who between 1951 and
1956 developed a sport that resembles present day
mountain biking.

It could have also been John Finley Scott, who was
the first mountain biker in the U.S. In 1953 he
constructed what he called a “Woodsie Bike”, using
a diamond frame, balloon tires, flat handle bars,
and cantilever brakes. He was more than 20 years
ahead of his time. Even though he remained an off
road enthusiast, there were many at that time who
didn’t share that same passion.

Today, we believe that the history of the mountain
bike is most apparent in Northern California. There
are a few areas that claim to be the first community
for mountain biking, although each and every history
book will tell you Marin County.

The sport of mountain biking has taken many twists
and turns over the last several hundred years. Even
though there are many that say different things about
the history and the beginning, we know one thing
for sure – one thing has led to another and the
sport of mountain biking was born.

Mountain biking vacation

Mountain biking vacation

Mountain biking vacation can be very good form of personal health and fitness improvement vacations. 3 – 5 days trips could be a life changing event towards a personal improved life style. Without doubt spending quality time in a natural environment while working towards a destination and a goal, is life changing for anyone with a creative and open mind to be inspired by the natural environment of the Nordic Arctic region.

Taking a mountain biking vacation is an excellent
way to unwind and explore any country. There are several
companies that offer mountain biking tours that go
through scenic routes, and they often arrange any
accomodations for travelers as well. For athletic
couples, these types of vacations offer the perfect
way to relax and enjoy some exercise together.

Each and every region in the United States has some
truly awesome mountain biking trails. It’s not just
the major mountain ranges that offer these trails, as
any hilly, scenic, rough trail can provide riders with
the adventure they seek. Some of the best areas to
mountain bike ride in the Lapland of Finland are during the summer season. There are also great rides using the fat bike with extra wide tires during the spring (March – June), when the sun shines and the snow has a thick crust that can hold the fat bikes tires without sinking trough the snow crust.

Mountain biking vacation and a Spring season tune up tips

This mostly applies for those that use their own mountain bike on their vacations.  For other people it may not apply during their vacation, because they will most likely hire a mountain bike for several days at a time.

If you don’t ride in the winter, you’ve probably
spent the winter months on the couch eating chips
and watching television. Before you know it, spring
will be here and a new season of mountain biking
will begin. Even though your body may not be in
shape, these tips will ensure that your bike is.

Before you take your bike out, check the wear and
tear on your components and adjust them if its
necessary. Start off with your chain. If you
haven’t replaced it in a year or more, it’s time
to do so. Over time, the individual parts in the
chain will get worn out, increasing its effective

As this happens, the chain is no longer able to
conform to the cog and the teeth of the chain ring,
so it wears those teeth out to fit the profile of
the chain. If you can replace the chain before it
stretches too much you’ll save yourself from having
to replace high priced cogs and chain rings.

Now, check the bearing surfaces. These include your
bottom bracket, hubs, and the headset. Each of these
should turn without a problem with no play in the
system. Before checking the bottom bracket, make
sure each cranking arm is snugged tight. Next, hold
on to the crank arm (not the pedal) and wobble it
back and forth. If you hear any clicking or if the
crank arm binds, the bottom bracket needs to be

Do the exact same thing with your hubs. Take the
wheels off the bike, spin the hub axles, then feel
for any free play or binding. If you feel play or
binding, you need to make an adjustment. To check
the headset, start off by putting the newly adjusted
wheels back on the bike.

Now, grab the front brake and pull and push the
handle bars back and forth. There shouldn’t be any
play. If you lift the front end off the ground,
the fork should turn very smoothly. If it feels rough,
it needs to be either adjusted or replaced.

While your looking, check the condition of your cables
and housing. The cables should be rust free and the
housing shouldn’t be cracked or kinked. If you see any
of this you should replace the offending device, as if
you don’t your shifting and braking will be sluggish.

Last, you should inspect your brake pads. Most pads
will have ridges or indicator marks that will let you
know when they need to be replaced. Brake pads that
are worn out will comprimise both safety and braking

Once you’ve got the tune ups out of the way, it’s time
to go for a ride. With your mountain bike running
better than ever, all you have to do now is have fun!

Thank you for visiting website and reading up on this Mountain biking vacation article post.  I hope this was informative and helpful.

Right moves for bright future 2016

Right moves for bright future 2016

Right moves for bright future 2016 is a Happy New Year 2016 Greeting!  The New Year 2016 is the perfect occasion to celebrate love, friendships and all the good things in life.  Let’s take the time to appreciate what this year has given us and what the new one is about to bring.

You are a dreamer, and you are an achiever. May you dream and achieve bigger feats, with every passing year. All the best for the new year.

Right moves for bright future 2016


New Year 2016 with fresh faith, fresh hopes, fresh love and fresh vision.

This is a reality, with the intellectual free will it is possible to choose what one chooses into the mind. They may be images, memories, hopes, dreams and aspirations, whatever we create in the imagination no one can take that away from us.  It is an attitude, it is also a spiritual reality, that manifest by the words that people speak. Those that are true believers and have dreams for the future they can easily speak to friends of the type of future vision that they want for themselves.

On the negative there may be the pessimistic, unbelievers, doubtful, and very little faith in the power of their intellectual mind. The powers of the mind are very real, but they also need to be exercised and used. Otherwise, the cognitive capacity shrinks and is diminished to nothing.

Enemy of faith, love, hope and bright destiny.

Enemy of faith, love and hope are all those that don’t allow the expression of faith, love and hope.  One way to look at it is to view at the reasons why people often manipulate others to their own wants and desires.  People like to consume food and things,  including people that they desire. Therefore, people may want to manipulate out of selfish greed.   Another way to look at the reason why people manipulate others is to look at the process of polarization.

Polarization in communications and psychology, is the definition given to the behavior of a social or political group to split based on opposing views. OVER time, more and more members of the original group join one or the other split group and fewer and fewer members remain neutral. This brings the two sides or “poles” further and further apart. – Wikipedia.

Why does polarization happen?  It happens because there is a disagreement of want’s, values, or processes. The best way to handle such disagreements is to unravel the core issue, and logically explain the core issue step by step. Therefore undoing any unrealistic expectations, and wrong motives and myths.

Right moves for bright future 2016 and beyond

All human problems can be traced to the mind, the mind’s inability to process information or inability to communicate the information, or the mind being out of order.

Therefore, a mind out of order can not communicate logically, all communication is information, and the purpose of information is to convey a message or data.   and to receive that which was shared by the  communicator, to convey or send the intended meanings through a shared system of signs, and semiotic rules.

Therefore there needs to be information in the mind of the person before they can communicate. If the information in the person is faith, hope and love, then that message does come out as such.   The absence of faith, hope, and love information in the communicator can be interpreted as being genuine, but in fact, it is not present. Therefore, an individual’s personal values do interpret and color the definition of faith, hope and love.

There is also a polarization of  the interpretation of the definition of love. Simply explained there is physical love and there is spiritual love. Another word for physical love is lust, a strong desire to satisfy one’s own sexual desires, it may be a thing, an object, an animal or a human being. Therefore physical lust is not love at all, but just loss of self-control, it is primitive desire, and it is selfish in nature.  So don’t be fooled into believing that “physical lust” is love, because it is not, far from it.

Faith Is Something That Never Lets You Lose Out In Life. In The Coming Year, Ensure That You Have Placed Full Faith In God.

Thank you for visiting website, and for reading this Right moves for bright future 2016 message. Make it your best year up to date. Cheers!






Kilpis-lake skiing holiday Review

Kilpis-lake skiing holiday Review

Skiing holiday at kilpis-lake Review with information about a mountain plateau lake at the far North West arm of Finland. The name of the town at the shore of the kilpis-lake is named kilpisjärvi (meaning kilpis-lake in the Finnish language). The location of the kilpis-lake is about 50 km south from the Norway town of Skibothn, and 150 km from Norway Tromssa. 280 km North West of Kittilä airports, and some 429 km North West from the town of Rovaniemi.
The exact coordinates of the Kilpis-järvi town are: 69°02′57″ North. 20°47′40″ East.

Cross country skiing trails.

The frozen over Kilpis-lake is being used for cross country ski trails and for the snowmobiles tracks, the winter ice of the lake varies from season to season and place to place, from 50cm to 75 cm. The far north location is great for the cross country skiers, telemark, and backcountry skiers because of the long winter season. There are several groomed cross-country ski track loops on the frozen snow covered Kilpis-lake, they range from a distance of a few kilometers to tens of kilometers. The other main cross country groomed trail ski tracks go around right around the Saana tundra fell, making the distance some 20 kilometers.

Around the Saana fell ski trail

One end of the around the Saana fell ski trail starts on the lake near the Kilpis Hotel, heading East over the main road up the ridge for a few kilometers. And once the ski trail  gets around the Saana fell, it heads up North around the Saana fell and over a small frozen tundra lake near a day hut. The day hut is worth going for a visit because it is right next to the ski trail, on the bank of the small tundra lake. The day hut has a fireplace with wood reserve, there is also a visitors book there to sign if so choose to. great place to stop for a short refreshing break before heading further up north to get around the Saana fell and to head westward towards the Kilpis-lake.

Kilpis-lake skiing holiday Review
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Also important to take note that on a day when it is snowing or the wind is blowing fresh snow, there will be places where the groomed trail is partially covered over with fresh drifting snow, because the wind-driven drifting snow can cover ski trails grooves in a matter of a few hours, in extreme conditions the ski trail grooves will fill up in a few minutes. Even if the ski trail machine has gone over the trail early in the morning, some parts of the track around the Saana Tundra ( it is higher up in altitude from the lake) may be partially covered over, so don’t expect always to be skiing in a clearly visible well molded ski trail grooves, there may be places where it is just flat with no grooves to follow. But the trail markers should be visible and the edges of the 2-meter wide trail should be visible in order to stay on the course. The kilpis-lake ski trails are more likely to stay clear of drifting snow, because there is less snow on the frozen ice due to strong winds blowing the snow across the he surface of the firmly packed snow cover of the snow, unless there is a heavy fresh snow at the time, obviously. If caught out in a snow blizzard then the only sure guide is the GPS, and experience and knowledge how to use it in extreme blizzard conditions. The visibility can be reduced down to a mere 5 to 10 meters in the worst conditions. Always check he weather predictions and conditions when venturing out further from the kilpis-lake region.  The most obvious checklist for beginners is clothing, having the right clothes for skiing, and lots of spares. The basic principles for having spares. Spare under layers (at least the top), spare gloves, spare beanie, spare socks, because after working hard in especially when climbing up hills the body is working harder and sweating, and once reaching the destination the under layers, gloves, and the headwear can be soaking wet with sweat.  With the higher altitude he winds can be extremely cold, and it may be necessary to remove the sweat soaking layers and put on a dry layer.

Kilpis-lake skiing holiday Review
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More local information can be sought out from the  Kilpisjärvi Retkeily Keskus.

The access to the Kilpis-lake is after the main road to Norway is crossed over. There are at least two routes to take while descending towards the main road. One is to steer towards south earlier and visit the Kilpisjärvi camping site with accommodation and a restaurant. The other is to head more towards North West on the ski trail towards the border crossing between Sweden and Finland and onto the Kilpis-lake. The ski trail should point the available options clearly. The shorter route is to visit the camping facilities and steer towards the signs that point to it.  The kilpisjärvi Camping site is about 5 km north of the Kipis-lake town on the main road to Norway.

From the site

The Google maps shows where the Kilpisjärvi Retkeily Keskus is located.

Accommodation at Kilpisjärvi.

Accommodation varies from Hotel style to cottage style and caravans. One property you may want to try is Tundrea.

Lapland Hotel is the largest Hotel at Kilpisjärvi, fairly old building with landmark.

There are many other private owners and small business operators. One example here is the Saivaara Mökit (Saivaara Cottages).

By visiting the www.Kilpisjä website you can the list of businesses at Kilpisjärvi.

Kilpis-lake skiing holiday Review
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History of Kilpisjärvi

A brief history of the Kilpisjärvi region can be read from this web link.
It was in 1980 that the three country borders were opened, between Norway, Sweden, and Finland. The borders between these countries are open for crossing over with the guards not stopping the vehicles unless for some security reason the main road border crossing is used as a checkpoint for stopping and checking vehicles. it only happens in special circumstances where for security reasons the checkpoints are manned and the vehicles stopped. Therefore it is possible to go backcountry skiing from Kilpis-lake of Finland into Sweden and Norway without offending anybody’s country borders.

I hope that this Kilpis-lake skiing holiday Review information useful towards planning for a visit to the Kilpis-lake, whatever your particular winter snow recreational activity is, or maybe even considering to visit kilpis-lake during the summer season. To view more pictures from the kilpis-lake visit this picture gallery Arctic Finland Holiday Destination.

Thank you for visiting Lapland Guide and for sharing the Kilpis-lake skiing holiday Review video links with your friends, Happy Easter Holidays 2015.

Kilpis-lake Finland

Kilpis-lake Finland

Kilpis-lake Finland is  mountain plateau lake at the 473-meter altitude, great location to experience the real Arctic environment.

Kilpis-lake Finland is located at the corner of three borders, Norway, Sweden and Finland, The exact parallel line location of the kilpis-lake with the coordinates are: 69°02′57″ North. 20°47′40″East.  it is about 50 km south from the Norway town of Skibothn, and 150 km from Norway Tromssa. 280 North West of Kittilä airports, and some 429 km North West from the town of Rovaniemi.

Kilpisjärvi (Kilpis-lake) is great for the cross country skiers because of the far north location enabling the winter ski season to go further into the new year and for the snow to last longer.

Kilpis-lake Finland services

There are all the necessary services available at kilpis-lake, including number of restaurants and food services available.  Many of the accommodation have a restaurant on their property to service their customers. To name a few of the accommodation services within 300 meters off to the side from the main road, there is the Lapland Hotel Kilpis and the Tundrea Lomakeskus, the Majatalo Haltimaa, Kilpisjärvi retkeily keskus, and the restaurant at the Kilpisjärvi K-market main town shopping center. For more info check out the website that has all of the services listed.  http://www.kilpisjä

Kilpis-lake Finland
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Novel traditional Arctic Finland culture experiences.

Hot steaming sauna is one of the most favored of them all.  A hot steaming sauna, after a day outdoors in the cold sub-zero temperatures, perhaps on a ski trip or a snowmobile safari, ice fishing your butt off, or something else, maybe a snowshoe safari.  Then what follows is the most logical of all Arctic activities, a steaming hot sauna bath until the heat is unbearable, and then followed by a dip in the fresh waters of the ice lake, that takes the body experience from the extreme steaming hot sauna to the other extreme of the 0’C degree chilling waters that has some time earlier had the ice cover removed for the willing volunteers to take a quick dip in the chilling cool waters and to run back into the hot sauna screaming and yelling with joy. To warm their frozen kit and balls all over again. It does sound very extreme but it is said to be invigorating and a refreshing bodily experience to enjoy.  It’s all part of the real Arctic experience in the Arctic land.

To view more pictures from the Kilpis-lake Finland, visit this website link to the picture gallery Arctic Finland Holiday destination. Thank you for visiting this Lapland Guide site and reading this article Kilpis-lake Finland, and for sharing the video links with your friends, cheers! Lapland guide also has a FaceBook fan page, that you are welcome to visit and share with your friends.

Online Art Gallery

Online art gallery

The Online art gallery is one option for sharing your Digital Photography 2.0.  The Online art gallery is a fine candidate for a Digital Photography 2.0 as it continues to move forward with the latest technological innovations and development. As the personal computer continues to become more reliable as a creative tool with many applications for learning, training and marketing then it will enhance and speed up the learning curve for many.  Watch this Arctic Photography video.

Online Art Gallery
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Online art gallery a vehicle for artistic expression

Any community, environment, nation, culture and creative individuals can contribute to the online experience by telling their creative story of the world they live in. The globe has many unique environments, towns, cities, cultures and activities that can be used for content creation. To create content and to present it in interesting ways for the people online is not an easy task, it takes a deliberate effort and discipline to learn the skills of visual and text presentation. Learning is a great skill and a privilege for all healthy human beings, household pets also a great source of joy when they are intelligent, smart and when they are teachable to learn new tricks. It is mostly in the attitude, with the right attitude of a positive mindset and enthusiasm to learn learns skills and to experience joy through creative tasks and creative expressions then the rest is like coasting downhill on a bike cycle.

Modern Hi-Tech HTML5 Interactive website galleries

Here are some of the gallery features available.

HTML5 Websites
  1. Options to build your site with DIY templates or CSS & HTML
  2. Intuitive, real-time site editing*
  3. Choose from single image, photo wall or slideshow displays
  4. HTML5 & CSS3 responsive designs*
  5. Use your own domain name*
  6. Add your own logo and watermark
  7. Add unlimited, custom pages*
  8. Choose your own font and color combinations
  9. Google Font support*
  10. * Standard or Pro account required

Cloud Storage & Organization

  • Access your original files anytime, anywhere
  • Unlimited file size
  • Supports RAW, PSD, TIF, PDF, and JPG file types
  • Upload using Lightroom, Photo Mechanic or Aperture
  • Convenient, fast desktop image uploader
  • Upload directly from Web Browser
  • Upload using FTP*
  • Drag and drop file management
  • Unlimited Collections and Galleries
  • Search & sort images by date, time, filename, or custom order
  • Easily add or move images between Galleries
  • All EXIF and IPTC metadata automatically imported
  • Batch edit core IPTC metadata and rename files

* Standard or Pro account required

Optional websites and hosting platforms

Photo-Shelter Beam, with a cutting edge photography responsive websites.

Check for more details from this link. 

Flexible monthly or annual plans. These prices are from 2015

  • Basic. $9.99 mo or $109.99 yr
  • Standard. $29.99 mo or $329.99 yr.
  • Pro Account. $49.99 mo $549.99 year.

As you can see there is great potential for the Online art gallery with the user-friendly HTML5 website templates and full sharing benefits using the Social Media connections real time online. Hopefully, this Online art gallery information is useful with practical implementations in the near future.  Do watch the Arctic Photography video for more ideas.  Thank you for taking the time and sharing your likes and links with your friends.

Kola Lake Lapland

Kola Lake Lapland

Kola lake Lapland in the fifteenth century had eight towns; one of them was called Kola Lake.  In the local Sami language, the word Kola is translated to mean; plenty of fish.

kola lake lapland
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Natural Borders.

The towns of East Lapland had well defined natural borders; they were not separated by rivers but rather by watersheds, the high ground and by the ridges.   The Kola lake Lapland had two gathering groups; each of the towns had eight to twelve mature working males, often grouped together to hunt and to catch fish in the season. The combined population in the kola lake Lapland region was less than one hundred and thirty working males, according to the official tax records.

Traditional hunting.

Hunting increased in the fifteenth century, as the Sea traders got access to the White Sea. Karelian and Russian fur traders, Sweden and Denmark extended their trading, the demand for fur increased In Fennoscandia.  At Kola Lake Lapland hunting game was; marten, otters, and bears. These items were highly valued, the hunting continued until early sixteenth century.
The mainstay for living was from trapping beavers, wild reindeer, and from the fish catch of trout, salmon, arctic char and pike, up until the seventeenth century.

kola lake lapland
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Trading of goods.

Trading of general goods like, tobacco, hemp, butter, and other food ingredients, for the quality furs of the wild Kola lake Lapland.
Reindeer’sat the time were valued for transport, meat supply, furs, and for the antlers. The concept of herding large stocks and the reindeer husbandry had not caught on as it did later on.
Early in the eighteenth century the Kola lake Lapland reindeer population went through many lean years, as the people migration increased from the south, more reindeer were being trapped and hunted, and it could not be sustained any longer.  So it brought about a fundamental change, the new concept of reindeer farming was introduced, which would protect and increase the large herds of reindeer for future.

Cultural hub.

The houses were built with timber and peat, built near the waterways, rivers and streams. Some of the populated areas were at the Naruska River, Kola Peters ridge, and on the town Ridge, west side of the Salla River. Kola Lake was historically a well-established settlement, including antiquity, a hub of the locals, and well known by the travelling nomads and goods traders from Karelia.
By the end of the eighteen century, the population of Kola Lake had increased by some twenty folds to over two thousand. As the reindeer, cattle, horses and sheep were increased in the Kola Lake Lapland, the natural predators; wolverines, wolves and bears became a problem.

Salla museum of war and reconstruction.

The Salla Museum located at the Salla railway station has a well presented local cultural history on display.   Watch this  YouTube video by the Lapland Guide on the Kola Lake Lapland.  for more information on the history, culture and tradition of Lapland.


Lapland guide 2014

Welcome to Lapland Guide 2014.

Lapland guide 2014 is a visual information key,  of the Lapland cultural history, peoples, custom’s, holiday destination plans and other recreational activities and places of interest for the visitors,

History of Lapland.

Starting from the recorded history perspective, there is a number of museums throughout Lapland.  The Museum’s vary considerably in the material that they cover a large number of items on display.  There are some eleven museums, or heritage listed buildings in Lapland, not including the many indigenous Sami people cultural centers that also display a lot of information and craft items on the cultural history of Lapland.

Museums in Lapland.

Here is a list of the Museums in Lapland.

  •  Enontekiö Local History Museum
  • Kemijärvi local history museum
  • Kittilä Local History Museum
  • Pelkosenniemi, a collection of artifacts
  • The Posio Local History Museum
  • The Forestry Museum of Lapland, in Rovaniemi
  • Salla´s Museum of War and Reconstruction
  • Saukkojärvi Local History and School Museum
  • Savukoski Local Heritage Building
  • Sodankylä Local History Museum
  • The Vicarage and Parish Museum in Ranua.

The above list of Museums may not be open at all seasons, some of them are only seasonal, with specific dates and months for visits.  Check the specific timetables for opening seasons.  Here is more information on one location, from the above list.  Salla Museum has a very broad coverage of the local municipality. It also cover’s a lot of areas from the war it experienced in 1939-45.  The entire township of the former Salla municipality had to be relocated some 50 kilometers west, due to the annexation by the Soviet army forces, the former Salla municipality is still occupied by the Russian today.  This is why the museum the history of Salla is so entrenched in the bitter upheavals that civilians may experience during an army invasion.

Salla´s Museum of War and Reconstruction

The Salla Museum´s exhibition tells with stories, artifacts, pictures and real items about the history of Salla municipality which was known as Kola lake (Kuolajärvi) until year 1936.  The museum also has a cozy coffee shop with a small food stall. They sell books, craft items and sweets. The municipality of Kola Lake  was renamed and called Salla in 1936.   It it located at the railway station, the large wooden building was built in 1948, it was originally built for the purpose of accommodation for the railway workers and families.

Location of museum: It is within a walking distance from the Salla town center, located next to the railway lines. A large yellow colored rectangular building.  See the pictures of the Museum building from here.

Museum Address: Savukoskentie 12, SALLA, 98900, Suomi/Finland.

Watch a video of the Salla area, from this link-Salla.

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